Dyslipidemia refers to the abnormal quantity and quality of lipids in plasma, most of which result from the interaction between genetic defects and environmental factors. It is confirmed that high levels of cholesterol, chylomicron, low-density lipoprotein, and apolipoprotein B are risk factors of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke, and chronic kidney disease, which have negative effects on human health.
“Dyslipidemia” can be classified as “phlegm,” “wet,” or “blood turbidity” in Traditional Chinese Medicine, which is caused by overeating greasy food, dysfunction of transportation, and transformation of spleen and stomach, and stagnation of qi and phlegm-dampness. It is believed that deficiency of spleen and kidney is the basis of “hyperlipemia,” and phlegm-dampness and blood stasis are the representation of it. The dampness evil enters into the blood and circulates through the body, which is similar to the rise of TG, TC, and LDL-C in blood in western medicine.