Price (CAD) is measured in grams
Disperses Wind-Heat and benefits the throat；
Relieves toxicity and vents rashes；
Moistens the Intestines
Wind-Heat with fever, cough and sore throat；
Carbuncles, red swellings, early-stage measles, mumps, erythema, acute febrile maculo-papular rashes；
Incomplete expression of rashes；
Pruritic rashes due to Wind-Heat；
Wind-Heat toxins where there is also Internal Heat causing constipation；
Constipation associated with other forms of toxicity such as acne
Use caution for those with Qi Deficiency.
Use caution for those with diarrhea.
Use caution in the absence of excessive Heat.
Contraindicated for those with open sores and carbuncles.
Use caution with excessive internal use during pregnancy.
Use with caution with antidiabetics such as insulin, sulfonylureas, tolbutamide (Orinase), glipizide (Glucotrol and glyburide (DiaBeta Micronase) as the synergistic effect may lead to hypoglycemia.
This herb has marked hepatoprotective effects against carbon tetrachloride and acetaminophen.